BE IT ENACTED by the National Assembly of the Federal Republic of Nigeria as follows:

  1. Notwithstanding anything to the contrary contained in any other enactment or law, the provisions of this Act shall apply to the movement or grazing of cattle within Nigeria.
  2. As from the commencement of this Act, no person or group of persons, association of individuals or corporate body or bodies shall permit the movement of cattle, from one location to another within Nigeria except by vehicular means.
  3. (a) The keeping, preservation, management, feeding and sale of cattle shall be carried out in designated places as may be determined by the Governor of a State.

(b) The Owner of the cattle shall have the sole responsibility, in accordance with the provisions of this Act with regard to the places designated for such purpose, for the keeping, preservation, management, feeding and sale of the cattle in his stock.

  1. No cattle shall be allowed to stray, graze, feed, roam, move or otherwise wander except in accordance with the provisions of this Act.
  2. There shall be a mandatory veterinary evaluation of cattle before the permission for movement in accordance with Section 2 above is granted.
  3. (a) A stray cattle or herd of cattle shall be reported to the Traditional Ruler of the host community who shall report same to the Police for confinement and return to the Owners of the Cattle.

(b) Where straying cattle graze or destroy farm crops belonging to another other than the owner of the cattle, the owner of the cattle shall be liable to pay the fair proportion of the damage to the owners of the farm crops.

  1. 7. On becoming aware of a missing cattle or a herd, the person, in whose custody the cattle was or were at the time they were found missing, shall make a report of the situation to the Traditional Ruler of the Host Community and to the Police within 48 hours of becoming aware of the fact.
  2. 8. Any person, group of persons or association of individuals or corporate bodies who contravene the provisions of this Act commits an offence and shall be liable to:

(a) in the case of a corporate body, to a fine of Five Million Naira (N5,000,000).

(b) in the case of a person, group of persons or association of individuals, to a fine of One Million Naira (N1,000,000) for every week the offence persists or to imprisonment for one year, or to both fine and imprisonment.

  1. 9. Where a police Officer has reasonable grounds to believe that there has been a contravention of any of the provisions of this Act, such Officer may, after recording in writing the grounds of his belief, at all reasonable hours, enter and search, without any warrant, any place where he suspects cattle may be kept in contravention of this Act.
  2. 10. A Police Officer may arrest without warrant any person or body who commits an offence under this Act.
  3. 11. Any person or authority, including a police officer or other security agents who omit to carry out a duty placed on him under this Act, commits an offence and shall, on conviction, be liable to six (6) months imprisonment.

(1) In this Act, unless the context otherwise requires –

“cattle” includes cows, heifers, oxen bulls, bullocks, calves, sheep, goats and such like animals.

“Governor” means the Governor of a State within which the activity will occur.

“Traditional Ruler” means the holder of the traditional authority of the community as recognized, by warrant, inheritance or investiture, by the Government of a State.

“Owner” includes keeper.

  1. 13. SHORT TITLE

This Act may be cited as the Cattle Movement (Control) Bill, 2016.


This bill makes provisions for the keeping and control of the

movement of cattle in Nigeria.